The Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) proceeds to observe the affect of COVID-19 on the socio-economic wellbeing of the countrywide population through the Uganda Superior-Frequency Cellular phone Survey (UHFPS). The funding for data collection and specialized help has been offered by the Planet Financial institution and the United States Company for Intercontinental Growth (USAID). The survey recontacts households that experienced mobile phone figures for at the very least one household member or a reference unique from the Uganda Countrywide Panel Survey (UNPS) 2019/20. The 1st round of the study was conducted in June 2020, even though the hottest seventh spherical was conducted in Oct/November 2021 immediately after the second lockdown was released in June 2021. This web site highlights selected results on the economic impacts of the COVID-19 similar actions from the hottest spherical. Exactly where possible we also assess the impacts from two diverse lockdowns released in March 2020 and June 2021 by making use of the data from rounds 1 and 7 carried out soon after the lockdowns.
The very first most vital indicator we appeared at was work.
Figure 1. Respondents functioning in the course of very last 7 days throughout rounds, % of all respondents
Figure 2. Get the job done stoppages by economic sector, % of respondents who stopped doing the job
As shown in figure 3, the share of homes with non-farm family members corporations that have been open declined from 43% to 41%, reversing the optimistic development observed in prior rounds. The magnitude of closures was considerably lesser than in June 2020 right after the 1st lockdown. Nevertheless, lots of working companies reported much less revenues in October/November 2021 in contrast to the former round (determine 4). Particularly, spouse and children organization revenues were decrease for 65% of homes compared to revenues in March/April 2021. Earnings losses were especially pronounced in enterprises functioning in the services sectors.
Determine 3. Standing of non-farm spouse and children business across rounds, % of households
Figure 4. Household non-farm businesses reporting a lot less revenues compared to former round, % of homes with loved ones non-farm organizations
Regular with the negative trends observed in the labor marketplace in Oct/November 2021, meals stability in Uganda deteriorated notably in this interval as nicely. Figure 5 provides the dynamics of the Food Insecurity Knowledge Scale (FIES) indices across distinctive rounds of the UHFPS. Soon after a very long interval of reasonably small food items insecurity among September/Oct 2020 and March/ April 2021, the problem has substantially transformed in recent months.
Food insecurity greater radically in October/November 2021 in all locations, with virtually half of households reporting that their spouse and children users ended up reasonably insecure and 12% reporting household customers remaining severely food items insecure at the nationwide degree.
In the initial spherical of the UHFPS, food stuff protection was calculated only for adult customers of the home. Comparable FIES indices were being created for the seventh round. It turns out that food insecurity was increased in October/November 2021 compared to June 2020. This could be relevant to greater operate stoppages in the agriculture sector and rural areas linked with floods and dry spells recorded in the next season of 2020 and the initially period of 2021.
Figure 5. Evolution of extreme and average composite FIES index across all rounds, % of domestic customers
If you are fascinated to master far more about findings from the seventh spherical of the UHFPS you should verify the transient in this article, although the microdata and relevant documentation are freely available at the Planet Bank’s Microdata Catalog right here.
The customers of the staff operating on the Uganda Higher-Frequency Cellular phone Study on COVID-19 (shown in alphabetical get for each and every institution) are: UBOS: Henry Mubiru, Andrew Mupere, Vincent Ssennono World Bank: Aziz Atamanov (Poverty and Fairness GP), Frederic Cochinard (LSMS), John Ilukor (LSMS), Talip Kilic (LSMS), and Giulia Ponzini (LSMS).