Gardening time is underway, and you may possibly have questions. For solutions, turn to Check with an Pro, an on-line concern-and-remedy device from Oregon Condition University’s Extension Support. OSU Extension college and Master Gardeners reply to queries in two enterprise times, usually fewer. To talk to a dilemma, just go to the OSU Extension internet site, form it in, and incorporate the county wherever you are living. Below are some inquiries requested by other gardeners. What’s yours?
Q: I have a compost tumbler (about 40 gallon) that I’ve been filling with kitchen scraps (raw vegetable and fruit scraps, tea leaves and espresso grounds only), yard trimmings and shredded paper for about 6 months now. It is about fifty percent entire. I have been turning the tumbler whenever I incorporate new materials.
More than the very last month or two, there have been a good deal of tiny flies (like fruit flies) swarming all around the compost to the degree that I dress in a mask when I open up it to prevent them flying in my experience. I realize that flies are there to aid split down the resources, but this appears to be like an terrible good deal and I was wanting to know if I am carrying out something completely wrong.
I stopped adding elements to it, hoping that the flies would run out of meals and die, but they are continue to in and about the tumbler. What can I test to minimize the flies? I’m seeking to get my family members on board with household composting, but the flies gross them out! – Jackson County
A: I can assure you that you are doing almost nothing completely wrong. If your tumbler is anything at all like mine, it has screened air vents somewhere, and these smaller flies are entering there.
For the reason that foods squander is complete of h2o and calories, and the eggs/larvae are sheltered in the tumbler and its contents, it is an perfect spot for egg laying from a fly standpoint.
I’m only guessing, but I marvel no matter whether you have adequate dry make a difference in your tumbler. I fill mine about 2/3 complete with autumn leaves, straw, shredded paper right before I begin adding kitchen scraps. You mentioned shredded paper, which is great, but it does have a tendency to split down quickly, because of to the warmth, strain and acids in the paper-generating method – pre-digested, form of. You need to be ready to see a lot more dry supplies than meals scraps in your tumbler. This won’t eradicate the fly difficulty – there will always be flies – but it need to assist lower their numbers. – Linda Brewer, OSU Extension senior faculty investigation assistant
Q: Our neighbor’s sumac grows a number of feet from the fence that divides our attributes. The roots expand under the fence into our backyard and send out up sprouts in our marionberries and blueberries. What suggestions can you give to avoid this? – Lane County
A: Some kinds of sumac are viewed as invasive due to the fact, as found in your garden, they produce innumerable seeds and distribute by root suckers. One more tree that is hugely invasive and seems to be incredibly similar and is usually puzzled with sumacs is tree of heaven. One particular way to quickly inform the difference is that sumac’s leaflets have jaded edges, when tree of heaven’s leaflets edges are easy. Sumac trees create reddish, cone-formed clusters of fuzzy fruits during the summer and drop seasons.
Normal fence line controls will not function with trees that distribute as sumacs or tree of heaven do. Seeds will drop from the trees and the suckers will expand below any barrier you may well check out. Chemical controls commonly are not powerful on your own and could injury and will influence your berry plants. The finest way to deal with seedlings is by hand pulling them. Little trees or saplings that have spouted from the root program want to be eliminated, alongside with as significantly of the roots as doable. If you can only reduce them at ground amount, slash them each and every couple of months, which will exhaust their root reserves above time.
There are no simple ways to get rid of invasive plants. It will take periods and persistence. – Jan Gano, OSU Extension Grasp Gardener
Q: Can you inform me what is wrong with my fig tree? – Lane County
A: Fig trees can be successfully grown in the Willamette Valley, but complications can arise. Figs like total sun, effectively-drained soil with a pH vary between a bit acidic to neutral. There are quite a few components that could have stressed your fig tree.
How frequently do you h2o your fig? Figs are drought-tolerant and once established do not will need to be watered frequently. I see that you have irrigation on your plant. Have you started to use the irrigation this yr? With the larger-than-regular rainfall during May perhaps, further irrigation is most very likely not desired, except if it is below the eaves of your home.
Fig trees are not incredibly chilly hardy, and the Willamette Valley did see some harm to crops when it expert a cold time period through the late winter season to early spring.
How frequently do you fertilize your fig tree? They do like currently being fertilized on occasion. The hyperlink connected beneath suggests “a foliar fertilizer once a thirty day period or a well balanced (5-5-5) fertilizer in early spring, late spring and summer months.” In addition, fertilizer tends to leach out of the soil far more very easily when a plant is in a container.
If your fig has been in the pot for quite a few a long time, you could want to think about repotting or discovering a spot in your backyard to plant it. The plant could be root sure and may perhaps will need it roots trimmed and be repotted or, as a substitute of repotting, authorized to grow obviously in the floor.
Figs can acquire a fungal leaf place. Despite the fact that there is not much data on it, is has been discovered in Oregon and noted in an Oregon State College Extension publication: Fig (Ficus carica) – Leaf Places
In the container with the fig are other pots and plants (or probably weeds?) that must be taken off as to not contend with the fig plant. Rather, put mulch around the tree to assistance retain even quantities of moisture offered to the fig’s roots.
For more data on fig tree developing see, Really do not Be Fooled, Figs Improve Great In Western Oregon – Jan Gano, OSU Extension Learn Gardener
Q: I have a hedgerow of arborvitae which is about 40 a long time previous. Some of the plants are lifeless and almost certainly not revivable. But other individuals are just demonstrating indications of browning. Is there just about anything I can do to revive them? They’ve under no circumstances been fertilized. – Marion County
A: Numerous of our landscape plantings have been really pressured by recent weather conditions functions. The warmth dome occasion previous summertime was specifically bad. Quite a few of our conifers are now exhibiting pressure and dieback.
The plants in the initial photograph search like they have been useless for a though. When you bend the branches do they flex or snap? Snapping implies that the tissue is dead. Normally, there is not a whole large amount that can be completed besides give the vegetation TLC.
It appears like you have at minimum a single irrigation line. Double test to make sure that is purposeful. Also check out the output and make sure that the root zone is obtaining even and adequate moisture in the summer months.
Do you fertilize your grass or the nearby beds? If so, then there could currently be sufficient nutrient levels. It might be really worth receiving a soil take a look at to figure out if fertilizer is wanted. Also notice that a fertilizer application will not aid the dead places grow back but could inexperienced up the current foliage if the plant is deficient. – Brooke Edmunds, OSU Extension horticulturist
Q: I just transplanted some wholesome indigo, sunflower and marigold plants on Friday and by the subsequent Wednesday some of the vegetation are completely white. The indigo is white, the sunflower leaves turned brown. All plants seem to have some discoloration but some are a lot worse off. We added liquid nitrogen when we watered them in. Do have any ideas? – Lane County
A: From your data and the photos, I would say transplant shock on the white plant and the sunflower. I say that since they are each recovering. There are inexperienced leaves appearing. They could have been planted and the roots broken, not plenty of drinking water in the beginning, or way too significantly sunlight (what a uncommon comment for May well).
The brown or useless places on the huge plant can surely be from absence of water. H2o the vegetation carefully. Check to make confident the soil is moist down to your second knuckle when you stick your finger in the soil.
Since it is now acquiring hotter, offering shade for the plants will assistance lower the worry. The fish emulsion was a excellent simply call. Having said that, do not more than fertilize which would again send the plants into shock.
Water to maintain the plants moist and add fish emulsion weekly but minimize the dose in half. Fertilize at the time a week for two weeks and check plant status. They should really be nicely on their way to flourishing. Trim off the useless leaves on the white plant. Go away the other alone. – Sheryl Casteen, OSU Extension Learn Gardener